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What is a Circular Bionutrient Economy? 

“Circular bionutrient economy allows for transformation of organic wastes into products, including fertilizers, and linking directly to local agricultural enterprises that utilize these products.” (Midega, 2022)


The Circular Bionutrient Economy encompasses the agri-value chain that has a role in the transformation of organic wastes into market-valued products, such as fertilizers.

-Bella 2/28/23


CBE looks at different ways in which waste organic products are changed to produce useful compositions put back in the soils to make them healthy for better crop production.

-Diana 2/28/23


Circular Bionutrient Economy (CBE) is the transformation of organic wastes including human excreta to safe agricultural inputs including but not limited to fertilizers and animal feeds at local, regional and global scales.

(Johannes 3/1/2023)


Organic and nutrient-rich waste streams burden municipalities, pollute aquatic environments, and imperil planetary boundaries. A Circular Bionutrient Economy (CBE) valorizes these waste streams by diverting and transforming them for agricultural use in fertilizers, feeds, and fuel. 

-Eli 3/1/2023


CBE engages technological, socio-economic and health perspectives in the recovery and reuse of organic wastes, including biomass and human/animal excreta, to promote healthier soil ecosystems, and cycle  resources into the water, sanitation and agricultural sectors.   - Fusi, 03/01/2023


Circular bionutrient economy (CBE), here defined as the return of carbon and nutrients from a variety of organic byproduct streams (including human excreta) to agricultural production

-Chuan Liao, 202X?


Quick Statistics

Here are some statistics compiled from the data points that CBEN users cite in our individual work. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some FAQs CBEN has received and answered in working groups. If you have more, please add!

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